||The Tunku proposes
a political association called Malaysia that would
include Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo, Sarawak and
||Creation of Malaysia
with Indonesia. In 1966, Indonesia's Sukarno is ousted;
new Indonesian Government led by Suharto ends confrontation.
The Philippines drops its claim on Sabah and recognises
Malaysia and becomes an independent nation.
||Riots on May 13
in the wake of the general elections.
||Tun Abdul Razak
takes office as the second Prime Minister of Malaysia,
succeeding Abdul Rahman.
||New Economic Policy
(NEP) established to encourage fairer distribution
of wealth among races.
||Abdul Razak sets
up the National Front on Jan 1 to replace the ruling
||Tun Hussein Onn
appointed as the third Prime Minister of Malaysia
on Jan 15, a day after the passing of Abdul Razak.
||Hussein Onn launches
the National Unit Trust (Amanah Saham Nasional) Scheme.
Due to ill health, he relinquishes the premiership
to his deputy, Dr Mahathir Mohamad, on July 15.
crisis involving the position of Malaysia's hereditary
||Roll-out of first
national car, Proton Saga. The project was mooted
to serve as a catalyst to transform Malaysia into
a fully developed nation.
||Umno racked by
power struggle between Mahathir and Tengku Razaleigh
Hamzah; "Operation Lalang" carried out by the Mahathir
administration results in detention of prominent opposition
politicians, trade unionists, educators and community
||Umno Baru (New
Umno) is formed by Mahathir after Umno is declared
"an unlawful society".
led by Tengku Razaleigh, registered as a new political
party. The Communist Party of Malaya abandons its
41-year armed struggle to overthrow the Malaysian
- the ruling coalition retains its two-thirds majority
the world's tallest twin buildings, open. Economic
downturn as ringgit plummets in regional currency
||Govt imposes currency
control laws on Sept 1 to stop free fall of the Ringgit.
Kuala Lumpur becomes the first Asian city to host
the Commonwealth Games. Dismissal of Deputy Prime
Minister Anwar Ibrahim from office and his subsequent
arrest creates a political crisis. Reformasi movement
begins with mass demonstrations in support of Anwar.
||Snap general elections
sees ruling coalition retain two-thirds majority,
but some northern states see an opposition swing with
PAS (Islamic Party) winning Terengganu and Kelantan.
Prime Minister Dr Mahathir retires. He is succeeded
by his deputy Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi.
||In a ringing endorsement
for the moderate and consensus-seeking Abdullah, the
ruling coalition wins the general election by a landslide
victory, with PAS-controlled Terengganu returning
to the Barisan Nasional.
its 49th year of independence, with a keen eye on
and Reference by Insight Guides: Malaysia (18th Edition,
Langenscheidt Publishing Group)